# [ExI] PSI, PSI*, and Psi

The Avantguardian avantguardian2020 at yahoo.com
Thu Dec 9 13:17:20 UTC 2010

```http://www.npl.washington.edu/npl/int_rep/tiqm/TI_toc.html

While I myself had, during my college classes, been indoctrinated into the "shut
up and calculate" school of quantum mechanics, here is a description of an
interpretation of quantum mechanics that does stimulate my imagination. I find
it more parsimonious than the many worlds interpretation and it certainly is an
improvement over the Copenhagen interpretation because it gives me a mental
picture of what's going on without offending my credulity, the way MWI does.

It explains amongst other things, where the Born rule comes from and also
explains what PSI* is. As I was educated by standard academia on the subject of
QM,  PSI* was always explained simply as the complex conjugate of PSI, the wave
equation, and we had to keep track of it because we used it to calculate the
probability of a particular quantum state which was equal PSI X PSI*. Never did
anyone explain why PSI* is important in the mathematical formalism of QM other
than as a mathematical trick to convert a complex numbered probability amplitude
into a real numbered probability.

In the transactional interpretation, PSI* is the equation of the "confirmation
wave" which is a wave propagating backward in time (an advanced wave) from the
absorber of a quantum of energy to the emitter of a quantum of energy. While the
normal PSI is the "offer wave" propagating forward in time (a retarded wave)
from the emitter to the absorber. If the phases of the offer wave and the
conformation wave contructively interfere, you get a "transaction" that is an
event where a quantum of energy is transfererred from the emitter to the
absorber.

It turns out that electromagnetic waves propagating backwards in time were part
of the mathematical formalism of physics as far back as Maxwell's equations
where the terms "advanced waves" and "retarded waves" were coined. It just so
waves as meaningless mathematical artifacts. While advanced waves don't show up
in solutions to the standard Shrodinger's equation, which were largely time
independant, they do show up in Dirac's relativistic QM equations.

I am still trying to wrap my head around this particular interpretation but it
is noteworthy that the perception of advanced waves might be the
elusive mechanism by which the paranormal phenomenon of Psi manifests itself. I
mean, it wouldn't be the first time that the math knew more about what's going
on than the physicist. Just think of the cosmological constant and Einstein's
Stuart LaForge

"There is nothing wrong with America that faith, love of freedom, intelligence,
and energy of her citizens cannot cure."- Dwight D. Eisenhower

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