[ExI] Species-Typical Distinctions

Anders Sandberg anders at aleph.se
Wed Jan 18 13:43:37 UTC 2012

On 17/01/2012 15:17, Stefano Vaj wrote:
> 2012/1/17 Anders Sandberg <anders at aleph.se <mailto:anders at aleph.se>>
>     I think a lot of it goes back to Boorse's "On the Distinction
>     between Disease and Illness" in 1975
> My confusion may be more linguistic than philosophic, but in Italian 
> and French they both translate as "malattia", "maladie"... :-/

Yes, and normal people (and the NIH) of course say they are the same 
thing. But the fine distinction can be used to denote for example the 
subjective perception: an ill person experiences an unhealthy, 
distressing state while a diseased person has a pathology.

For a great overview of just how tricky the concept "disease" is, see 
Freitas' Nanomedicine: http://www.nanomedicine.com/NMI/1.2.2.htm
(and his list is definitively not complete - there are several shelves 
in our office with just medical ethics books dealing with this)

Anders Sandberg,
Future of Humanity Institute
Philosophy Faculty of Oxford University

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