[Paleopsych] Guardian (UK): Two-thirds of world's resources 'used up'
checker at panix.com
Sun Apr 10 17:07:58 UTC 2005
Two-thirds of world's resources 'used up'
>From another list:
The article from the Guardian, below, is about carrying capacity.
One of the authors of the Report, David Pimentel, is a longtime member
of the Board of Carrying Capacity Network [CCN] www.carryingcapacity.org
Dr. Pimentel estimates that the carrying capacity of the United States
-- at a standard of living slightly lower than presently enjoyed -- is
about 150 to 200 million people.
Compare that with the 300 million, and counting, that we now have. CCN
advocates an immigration moratorium of 100,000 annually, which would let
the U.S. population begin to stabilize.
[And from me: the problem with these articles, as always, is that it's
assumed that there is no critical mass of people smart enough and free
enough to find substitutes. It makes no difference whether I, or any
combination of eggsperts, has a "Master Plan." What counts are individual
planners risking their own money on thousands of micro-plans.]
Two-thirds of world's resources 'used up'
Tim Radford, science editor
Wednesday March 30, 2005
The human race is living beyond its means. A report backed by 1,360
scientists from 95 countries - some of them world leaders in their
fields - today warns that the almost two-thirds of the natural machinery
that supports life on Earth is being degraded by human pressure.
The study contains what its authors call "a stark warning" for the
entire world. The wetlands, forests, savannahs, estuaries, coastal
fisheries and other habitats that recycle air, water and nutrients for
all living creatures are being irretrievably damaged. In effect, one
species is now a hazard to the other 10 million or so on the planet, and
"Human activity is putting such a strain on the natural functions of
Earth that the ability of the planet's ecosystems to sustain future
generations can no longer be taken for granted," it says.
The report, prepared in Washington under the supervision of a board
chaired by Robert Watson, the British-born chief scientist at the World
Bank and a former scientific adviser to the White House, will be
launched today at the Royal Society in London. It warns that:
* Because of human demand for food, fresh water, timber, fibre and fuel,
more land has been claimed for agriculture in the last 60 years than in
the 18th and 19th centuries combined.
* An estimated 24% of the Earth's land surface is now cultivated.
* Water withdrawals from lakes and rivers has doubled in the last 40
years. Humans now use between 40% and 50% of all available freshwater
running off the land.
* At least a quarter of all fish stocks are overharvested. In some
areas, the catch is now less than a hundredth of that before industrial
* Since 1980, about 35% of mangroves have been lost, 20% of the world's
coral reefs have been destroyed and another 20% badly degraded.
* Deforestation and other changes could increase the risks of malaria
and cholera, and open the way for new and so far unknown disease to
In 1997, a team of biologists and economists tried to put a value on the
"business services" provided by nature - the free pollination of crops,
the air conditioning provided by wild plants, the recycling of nutrients
by the oceans. They came up with an estimate of $33 trillion, almost
twice the global gross national product for that year. But after what
today's report, Millennium Ecosystem Assessment, calls "an unprecedented
period of spending Earth's natural bounty" it was time to check the
"That is what this assessment has done, and it is a sobering statement
with much more red than black on the balance sheet," the scientists
warn. "In many cases, it is literally a matter of living on borrowed
time. By using up supplies of fresh groundwater faster than they can be
recharged, for example, we are depleting assets at the expense of our
Flow from rivers has been reduced dramatically. For parts of the year,
the Yellow River in China, the Nile in Africa and the Colorado in North
America dry up before they reach the ocean. An estimated 90% of the
total weight of the ocean's large predators - tuna, swordfish and sharks
- has disappeared in recent years. An estimated 12% of bird species, 25%
of mammals and more than 30% of all amphibians are threatened with
extinction within the next century. Some of them are threatened by
The Baltic Sea is now home to 100 creatures from other parts of the
world, a third of them native to the Great Lakes of America. Conversely,
a third of the 170 alien species in the Great Lakes are originally from
Invaders can make dramatic changes: the arrival of the American comb
jellyfish in the Black Sea led to the destruction of 26 commercially
important stocks of fish. Global warming and climate change, could make
it increasingly difficult for surviving species to adapt.
A growing proportion of the world lives in cities, exploiting advanced
technology. But nature, the scientists warn, is not something to be
enjoyed at the weekend. Conservation of natural spaces is not just a
"These are dangerous illusions that ignore the vast benefits of nature
to the lives of 6 billion people on the planet. We may have distanced
ourselves from nature, but we rely completely on the services it
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