[Paleopsych] Complexity Digest 2005.02

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Complexity Digest 2005.02

[This is a very good digest of science news, even though not much of it 
pertains to complexity theory as such. I invite y'all to subscribe to it.

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Complexity Digest 2005.02

Archive: [1]http://www.comdig.org, European Mirror: [2]http://www.comdig.de

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"I think the next century will be the century of complexity." Stephen
Hawking, 2000

01. God (or Not), Physics and, of Course, Love: Scientists Take a Leap, NY
02. A Tale of 2 Systems, NY Times
02.01. Social Networks and Business Success: The Role Of Subcultures In An
African Context, Ameri. J. Econ. Sociol.
02.02. King of the Island, Science NOW
02.03. Temples Of Boom: Ancient Hawaiians Took Fast Road To Statehood,
03. Food Colorings, Science News
04. The Role Of Social Interaction In Bird Song Learning, Current Dir.
04.01. Nutrient-Specific Foraging in Invertebrate Predators, Science
04.02. Policing Insect Societies, Science
05. A Genomic View of Animal Behavior, Science
05.01. Twinkle Toes: How Geckos' Sticky Feet Stay Clean, Science News
05.02. Environment: Early Ant Plagues In The New World, Nature
06. Laughing, Tickling, And The Evolution Of Speech And Self, Current Dir.
Psycho. Sc.
07. HIV Impacts Human Genome, Science NOW
07.01. Frankenstein's Chips, Science News
08. Antibiotic Recipe Keeps Neurons Alive, Science NOW
08.01. Beat Generation: Genetically Modified Stem Cells Repair Heart, Science
08.02. Magnetic Resonance Imaging Deconstructs Brain's Complex Network,
08.03. Scientists Find That The Human Nose Is More Complicated Than A Jumbo
Jet, BBSRC Media Releases
09. Scents And Emotions Linked By Learning, ScienceDaily
09.01. Motherhood is a Drug, Science NOW
09.02. Brain Can Be Trained To Process Sound In Alternate Way, ScienceDaily
09.03. Parkinson's Symptoms Reversed in Monkey Study, NPR TOTN
10. Faces Must Be Seen To Be Recognized, ScienceDaily
10.01. Physiology: An End To Adolescence, Nature
11. Mapping Environments At Risk Under Different Global Climate Change
Scenarios, Ecol. Lett.
11.01. Weighing the Tsunami's Environmental Impact, NPR TOTN
11.02. Triple Slip Of Tectonic Plates Caused Seafloor Surge, Nature News
11.03. Tsunami Disaster: Scientists Model The Big Quake And Its Consequences,
Science News
11.04. A Divided World, Nature News
11.05. The Hydrogen Economy, Physics Today
11.06. As Hybrid Cars Multiply, So Do Carpooling Gripes, Washington Post
12. Deflecting Near-Earth Space Hazards, NPR TOTN
12.01. In Search Of Hidden Dimensions, Nature
12.02. The Long-Distance Thinker, Nature
12.03. Gorging Black Hole Makes Its Mark, Science NOW
13. Mmmmm, Toxicants, Science NOW
13.01. The Enigma of Prokaryotic Life in Deep Hypersaline Anoxic Basins,
13.02. Microbes Brave Briny Basins, Nature News
14. Bridging The Gap, Nature
14.01. Nanomotors Rev Up, Science Now
15. Advances towards a General-Purpose Societal-Scale Human-Collective
Problem-Solving Engine, arXiv
15.01. Building a Smarter Search Engine, Business Week
15.02. Search Looks at the Big Picture, Wired
15.03. Computing Takes a Giant Leap, Pile Systems Press Release
15.04. The BlackBerry Brain Trust, Wired
16. Games Win For Blu-Ray DVD Format, BBC News
16.01. TiVo Adds Portability to the Mix, NY Times
16.02. DirecTV Machine Will Compete With TiVo, NY Times
17. Toyota Launches Robot Workforce, NEWS.com.au
18. Super-selection Rules Modulating Complexity: An Overview, Chaos,
Solitons &
18.01. Power Laws, Pareto Distributions and Zipf's Law, arXiv
19. Complex Challenges: Global Terroist Networks
19.01. The Spy Who Billed Me
19.02. Detainee Seeking to Bar His Transfer, NY Times
19.03. Guantánamo - An Icon Of Lawlessness
20. Links & Snippets
20.01. Other Publications
20.02. Webcast Announcements
20.03. Conference & Call for Papers Announcements


01. God (or Not), Physics and, of Course, Love: Scientists Take a Leap , NY

Excerpts: What do you believe is true even though you cannot prove it?"
This was the question posed to scientists, futurists and other creative
thinkers by John Brockman, a literary agent and publisher of Edge, a Web site
devoted to science. The site asks a new question at the end of each year.

Richard Dawkins (...)

I believe, but I cannot prove, that all life, all intelligence, all 
creativity and all "design" anywhere in the universe, is the direct or 
indirect product of Darwinian natural selection.

* [4] God (or Not), Physics and, of Course, Love: Scientists Take a Leap,
05/01/04, NYTimes

[4] http://www.nytimes.com/2005/01/04/science/04edgehed.html


02. A Tale of 2 Systems , NY Times

Excerpts: Over the past 50 years, we've been having a big debate over two 
rival economic systems. Conservatives have tended to favor the American 
model, with smaller government and lower taxes, but less social support. 
Liberals have supported programs that lead to the European model, with 
bigger government, more generous support and less inequality.

(...) In the next few decades both models are going to confront a big test:
aging populations. The U.S. model is going to be challenged by this problem,
but the European model is flat-out unsustainable.

* [5] A Tale of 2 Systems, David Brooks, 05/01/04, NYTimes

[5] http://www.nytimes.com/2005/01/04/opinion/04brooks.html


02.01. Social Networks and Business Success: The Role Of Subcultures In An
African Context , Ameri. J. Econ. Sociol.

Excerpt: The main objective of this paper is to illuminate social and 
cultural preconditions for networking and success in business in an 
African context. By in-depth studies of small-scale entrepreneurs in the 
wood business in Tanzania, we find that people belonging to an Asian 
subculture probably have a better standing for entering and thriving in 
business, due to group cohesion, mobility, and level of education. Through 
high-quality social networks, characterized by a high number and variety 
of relations, certain groups seem to be in a better position to enact 
their business environment (...).

* [6] Social Networks and Business Success: The Role Of Subcultures In An
African Context, [7] S. Kristiansen, Nov. 2004, Online 2004/12/08, DOI:
10.1111/j.1536-7150.2004.00339.x, American Journal of Economics and Sociology
* Contributed by [8] Pritha Das

[7] mailto:Stein.Kristiansen at hia.no
[8] mailto:prithadas01 at yahoo.com


02.02. King of the Island , Science NOW

Excerpts:  Power base. Ruins on Maui suggest that the island's first king 
exerted control by quickly building temples, such as those seen elsewhere 
by Captain Cook (inset). Credit: : P.V. Kirich; (Inset) By Permission Of 
The National Library Of Australia

Hawaiian legends say a ruler named Pi'ilani brought peace to Maui by 
routing rival chiefs, marrying a powerful queen, and setting himself up as 
absolute ruler. Indeed, religious states that emphasized divine kingship 
emerged on several Hawaiian islands. Now a preliminary study of temples on 
Maui, described in the 7 January issue of Science, suggests this may have 
happened within a single generation just as the stories suggest.

The most sophisticated and stratified societies in the Pacific evolved on the
Hawaiian Islands.

* [9] King of the Island, Erik Stokstad, 05/01/06, ScienceNOW

[9] http://sciencenow.sciencemag.org/cgi/content/full/2005/106/3?etoc


02.03. Temples Of Boom: Ancient Hawaiians Took Fast Road To Statehood ,

Excerpts: A boom in temple construction on two Hawaiian islands around 400
years ago marked the surprisingly rapid formation of an early political

* [10] Temples Of Boom: Ancient Hawaiians Took Fast Road To Statehood,
05/01/08, ScienceNews

[10] http://www.sciencenews.org/articles/20050108/fob3ref.asp


03. Food Colorings , Science News

Excerpts:  Wheel Of Color. Orange carrots are a relatively new food, 
dating only from the 16th century. Scientists are adapting older red, 
blue, and yellow typesmost of them from Asiato U.S. soils, climate, and 
tastes. S. Ausmus/USDA Flavonoids include beta-carotene and related 
carotenoids, which are responsible for many of the yellows, oranges, reds, 
and greens in produce. Other reds and most of the blues, purples, and 
blackish tintsespecially in berries and potatoestrace to flavonoids called 
anthocyanins.  These chemicals are considered antioxidants because they 
quash free radicals, naturally forming molecular fragments that have 
several damaging effects.  (...) began developing new lines of crops 
explicitly for their intense antioxidant pigments.(...) Probably the most 
famous example is known as golden rice.

* [11] Food Colorings, Janet Raloff, 05/01/08, ScienceNews

[11] http://www.sciencenews.org/articles/20050108/bob9.asp


04. The Role Of Social Interaction In Bird Song Learning , Current Dir.

Excerpt: Bird song learning has become a powerful model system for 
studying learning because of its parallels with human speech learning, 
recent advances in understanding of its neurobiological basis, and the 
strong tradition of studying song learning in both the laboratory and the 
field. Most of the findings and concepts in the field derive from the 
tape-tutor experimental paradigm, in which the young bird is tutored by 
tape-recorded song delivered by a loudspeaker in an isolation chamber. 
This paradigm provides rigorous experimental control of auditory 
parameters, but strips song learning of any social context, (...).

* [12] The Role Of Social Interaction In Bird Song Learning, [13] M. D.
Beecher,  J. M. Burt, Dec. 2004, Online 2004/11/24, DOI:
10.1111/j.0963-7214.2004.00313.x, Current Directions in Psychological Science
* Contributed by [14] Atin Das

[13] mailto:beecher at u.washington.edu
[14] mailto:dasatin at yahoo.co.in


04.01. Nutrient-Specific Foraging in Invertebrate Predators , Science

Summary: Picky Eaters It is widely assumed in foraging theory that 
predators cannot balance their nutrient intake, but instead maximize their 
energy intake subject to prey size, abundance, and time constraints. 
Mayntz et al. (p. 111) show that this is not the case, using three species 
of invertebrates (ground beetles, wolf spiders, and web spiders) with 
widely different feeding biology. When the diet of the predators was 
manipulated to render them either protein- or lipid-deficient, the animals 
adjusted their feeding to make good the specific deficit. Compensatory 
nutrient selection occurred either by selecting among foods of different 
nutritional composition, by adjusting consumption of a single prey type, 
or by extracting nutrients selectively from within individual prey items.

* [15] Nutrient-Specific Foraging in Invertebrate Predators, David Mayntz,
David Raubenheimer,  Mor Salomon,  S?ren Toft,  Stephen J. Simpson, 04/01/07,
Science : 111-113

[15] http://www.sciencemag.org/cgi/content/full/307/5706/111


04.02. Policing Insect Societies , Science

Excerpts: Within both human and insect societies, conflicts arise because 
the interests of individuals differ. In insect societies, conflict 
revolves around reproduction. Reproducing individuals gain by being more 
closely related to the young males and queens reared in their colony. By 
reproducing, society members also exploit the colony and this can be 
costly. First, uncontrolled reproduction upsets the division of labor 
between queen and workers and results in a less efficient colony. Second, 
the offspring reared are often genetically less related and so are less 
valuable to other society members.

* [16] Policing Insect Societies, Francis L. W. Ratnieks ,  Tom Wenseleers,
05/01/07, Science : 54-56

[16] http://www.sciencemag.org/cgi/content/full/307/5706/54


05. A Genomic View of Animal Behavior , Science

Excerpts: (...) in one case, they transformed normally promiscuous rodents 
into faithful partners. (...) Instead of just probing the minutiae of how 
a gene works in one organism, scientists are increasingly investigating 
how a particular gene operates in multiple species. (...) gene influenced 
how likely nematodes were to explore their environment.(...) In the 
traditional approach, Hofmann would have tried to track individual genes 
involved in these transformations. Instead, he turned to microarrays and, 
in less than a year, has identified 100 genes that likely shape the male's 
social status.

* [17] A Genomic View of Animal Behavior, Elizabeth Pennisi, 05/01/07,
: 30-32

[17] http://www.sciencemag.org/cgi/content/full/307/5706/30


05.01. Twinkle Toes: How Geckos' Sticky Feet Stay Clean , Science News

Excerpts:  Toe Print. When the underside of a gecko toe (left) was dusted 
with microspheres and pressed onto glass, millions of sticky fibers in the 
thin, platelike structures shed microspheres onto the glass, leaving a 
print visible under laser light (right). Autumn

To find out how gecko feet clean themselves, the team considered the van 
der Waals forces that a surface, such as a wall, exerts on a microsphere. 
They then compared that attraction with the hold on the particle by toe 
fibers. Using simplified geometric models that represent the ends of the 
fibers as shallow cups or flexible strips, the scientists calculated that 
from 26 to 59 of the fibers would have to cling to each microsphere to 
keep it from sticking to the wall as the gecko steps away.

Yet in most cases, "when you look under an electron microscope, you don't 
observe that many [fibers] actually attached to a single dirt particle," 
Autumn notes. Hence, when the fibers and the surface compete for a dirt 
particle, the surface usually wins.

* [18] Twinkle Toes: How Geckos' Sticky Feet Stay Clean, Peter Weiss,

[18] http://www.sciencenews.org/articles/20050108/fob6.asp


05.02. Environment: Early Ant Plagues In The New World , Nature


Solenopsis geminata


(Fire ant)

The Hispaniolan plague ant is easily characterized from the first-hand 
account of Las Casas. The ant he described was very aggressive; it had a 
painful sting; it occurred in dense populations in the root systems of 
shrubs and trees; it did not cut above-ground vegetation yet somehow 
damaged the root systems; and it was also a pest in houses and gardens. 
The only species also present in the modern West Indian ant fauna that has 
all these qualities is the tropical fire ant, Solenopsis geminata.

* [19] Environment: Early Ant Plagues In The New World, Edward O. Wilson,
05/01/06, DOI: 10.1038/433032a, Nature 433, 32



06. Laughing, Tickling, And The Evolution Of Speech And Self , Current Dir.
Psycho. Sc.

Excerpt: Laughter is an instinctive, contagious, stereotyped, 
unconsciously controlled, social play vocalization that is unusual in 
solitary settings. Laughter punctuates speech and is not typically humor 
related, speakers often laugh more often than their audience, and male 
speakers are the best laugh getters. Laughter evolved from the labored 
breathing of physical play, with the characteristic "pant-pant" laugh of 
chimpanzees and derivative "ha-ha" of humans signaling ("ritualizing") its 
rowdy origin. Laughter reveals that breath control is why humans can speak 
and chimpanzees cannot. (...) Because you cannot tickle yourself, tickle 
involves a neurological self/nonself discrimination, providing the most 
primitive social scenario.

* [20] Laughing, Tickling, And The Evolution Of Speech And Self, [21] R. R.
Provine, Dec. 2004, Online 2004/11/24, DOI: 10.1111/j.0963-7214.2004.00311.x,
Current Directions in Psychological Science
* Contributed by [22] Atin Das

[21] mailto:provine at umbc.edu
[22] mailto:dasatin at yahoo.co.in


07. HIV Impacts Human Genome , Science NOW

Excerpts:  No vacancy. When CCL3L1 (red) occupies the CCR5 receptor on CD4 
cells, it blocks HIV's entry. Credit: K. Sutliff/Science

People typically have two copies of each gene (one from each parent), but 
stretches of DNA sometimes appear repeatedly. Many of the known 
duplications include immunity genes, inspiring the notion that these 
so-called segmental duplications protect against invaders. Sunil Ahuja, 
(...), wondered whether HIV might be the target of such an evolutionary 
response. The researchers focused on one human gene, CCL3L1. The gene 
codes for a signalling chemical called a chemokine, and it docks onto the 
same white blood cell receptor grabbed by HIV when the virus infects 

* [23] HIV Impacts Human Genome, Jon Cohen, 05/01/07, ScienceNOW

[23] http://sciencenow.sciencemag.org/cgi/content/full/2005/107/1?etoc


07.01. Frankenstein's Chips , Science News

Excerpts: As evidence mounts that drug-safety trials can miss dangerous 
effects, scientists are building living, miniature models of animals and 
people to enhance drug and chemical tests.

* [24] Frankenstein's Chips, 05/01/08, ScienceNews

[24] http://www.sciencenews.org/articles/20050108/bob8ref.asp


08. Antibiotic Recipe Keeps Neurons Alive , Science NOW

Excerpts: People who develop ALS lose control of their muscles and usually 
die within 1 to 5 years. Previously, researchers have tried to correct two 
biochemical problems that kill neurons in ALS. A third had yet to be 
exploited successfully: Motor neurons die when their surfaces are 
overexposed to the neurotransmitter glutamate. ALS patients suffer from 
this because their neurons have trouble vacuuming glutamate back inside 
the cells, where it does no harm. (...) coax neurons to make more of this 
transporter protein, and whether that would protect the nerve cells from 

* [25] Antibiotic Recipe Keeps Neurons Alive, Mary Beckman, 05/01/06,

[25] http://sciencenow.sciencemag.org/cgi/content/full/2005/106/1?etoc


08.01. Beat Generation: Genetically Modified Stem Cells Repair Heart ,

Excerpts: Tissue engineers have for the first time used genetically modified
human stem cells to repair damaged hearts in guinea pigs.

* [26] Beat Generation: Genetically Modified Stem Cells Repair Heart,

[26] http://www.sciencenews.org/articles/20050108/fob2ref.asp


08.02. Magnetic Resonance Imaging Deconstructs Brain's Complex Network ,

Excerpts: Chialvo and colleagues described how fMRIs from healthy 
individuals showed that tens of thousands of discrete brain regions form a 
network that has the same qualitative features as other complex networks, 
such as the Internet (technological), friendships (social) and metabolic 
(biochemical) networks.

The fMRI technology provided, in each recording session, hundreds of 
consecutive images of brain activity discretized in thousands of tiny 
cubes (voxels). The image intensity at each cube usually indicates the 
amount of brain activity at that site.

* [27] Magnetic Resonance Imaging Deconstructs Brain's Complex Network,
05/01/04, EurekAlert

[27] http://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2005-01/nu-mri010405.php


08.03. Scientists Find That The Human Nose Is More Complicated Than A Jumbo
, BBSRC Media Releases

Excerpts: Winter colds can give you a blocked up nose that stops you 
smelling chimney smoke, roasting chestnuts, warming winter puddings and 
the other seasonal scents. Now researchers (...) have not only discovered 
how air moves through the nose bringing you those smells but their work 
may lead to new ways of unblocking it and helping you to breathe more 
easily. They have even found that the airflow through the human nose is 
more complicated than that over a jumbo jet's wing. (...) The fluid 
dynamics of the nose is one of the most complex in the body, (...).

* [28] Scientists Find That The Human Nose Is More Complicated Than A Jumbo
Jet, 2005/01/06, Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council
* Contributed by [29] Atin Das

[28] http://www.bbsrc.ac.uk/media/pressreleases/05_05_01_06_nose.html
[29] mailto:dasatin at yahoo.co.in


09. Scents And Emotions Linked By Learning , ScienceDaily

Excerpts: Whether emotional responses to scent are a product of nature or 
nurture is a matter of scientific debate. But a Brown University study, 
(...) comes down on the nurturing side. In an experiment that involved 
computer games and custom-made scents, researchers found that responses to 
new odors depended on emotions experienced while the new odor was present. 
If participants had a good time playing the game, they were more likely to 
report liking the odor they smelled. If they had an unpleasant experience, 
they were more likely to dislike the scent. (...)

* [30] Scents And Emotions Linked By Learning, Brown Study Shows, 2004/01/06,
ScienceDaily & Brown University
* Contributed by [31] Atin Das

[30] http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2005/01/050106105622.htm
[31] mailto:dasatin at yahoo.co.in


09.01. Motherhood is a Drug , Science NOW

Excerpts:  High on nursing. In rats, suckling stimulates the same reward 
centers in the brain as cocaine. Credit: Jack Novak/Superstock New 
research shows that brain scans of suckling moms are indistinguishable 
from those of virgin rats on cocaine, supporting the idea that nature 
rewards mothers for nurturing their pups. The work, described in 5 January 
issue of the Journal of Neuroscience, also sets the stage to better 
understand the mother-child bond in humans.

When given the choice, rats with babies under 8 days of age will choose 
suckling their pups over cocaine. Researchers believe this strong 
motivation to nurse has evolved to help mothers bond with their offspring.

* [32] Motherhood is a Drug, Mary Beckman, 05/01/04, ScienceNOW

[32] http://sciencenow.sciencemag.org/cgi/content/full/2005/104/1?etoc


09.02. Brain Can Be Trained To Process Sound In Alternate Way , ScienceDaily

Excerpts: UCSF scientists have found that the brains of rats can be 
trained to learn an alternate way of processing changes in the loudness of 
sound. The discovery, they say, has potential for the treatment of hearing 
loss, autism, and other sensory disabilities in humans. It also gives 
clues, they say, about the process of learning and the way we perceive the 
world. "We addressed a very fundamental question (...) When we notice a 
sound getting louder, what happens in our brain so that we know it's 
getting louder?" (...).

* [33] Brain Can Be Trained To Process Sound In Alternate Way, 2004/01/03,
ScienceDaily & University Of California - San Francisco
* Contributed by [34] Atin Das

[33] http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2004/12/041219180618.htm
[34] mailto:dasatin at yahoo.co.in


09.03. Parkinson's Symptoms Reversed in Monkey Study , NPR TOTN

Excerpts: In studies with monkeys, researchers in Japan have reversed some of
the degeneration seen in Parkinson's disease in monkeys using embryonic stem
cell therapy, according to a report published this week in the Journal of
Clinical Investigation. We discuss the findings.

* [35] Parkinson's Symptoms Reversed in Monkey Study, 05/01/07, NPR TOTN

[35] http://www.npr.org/rundowns/segment.php?wfId=4273768


10. Faces Must Be Seen To Be Recognized , ScienceDaily

Excerpt: Recognizing faces is an innate ability in primates; even the 
youngest infants respond to Mom's face. So, a fascinating and central 
question in neurobiology is where in the hierarchy of visual processing 
face recognition takes place. Through a series of precise experimental 
manipulations of perception in human subjects, Farshad Moradi and his 
colleagues have gained new insight into the process. They have found that 
identifying a face depends on actually seeing it, as opposed to merely 
having the image of the face fall on the retina. (...)

* [36] Faces Must Be Seen To Be Recognized, 2004/01/07, ScienceDaily & Cell
* Contributed by [37] Atin Das

[36] http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2005/01/050106120038.htm
[37] mailto:dasatin at yahoo.co.in


10.01. Physiology: An End To Adolescence , Nature

Excerpts:  'Puberty' and 'adolescence' are not synonyms, although both 
terms describe that awkward age between childhood and adulthood. Puberty 
is defined as the period during which the reproductive system matures. It 
has a clearly defined marker for when it ends: when bone growth ceases. 
Adolescence, by contrast, is part physiological, part psychological, part 
social construct. Chronobiologists joke that people suffer adolescence 
twice once themselves, and again when their own children hit the teenage 
years. But, frustratingly, they have not been able to define precisely 
when it ends.

* [38] Physiology: An End To Adolescence, Alison Abbott, 05/01/06, DOI:
10.1038/433027a, Nature 433, 27



11. Mapping Environments At Risk Under Different Global Climate Change
Scenarios , Ecol. Lett.

Excerpts: All global circulation models (...) project profound changes, 
but there is no consensus on how to map their environmental consequences. 
Our multivariate representation of environmental space combines stable 
topographic and edaphic attributes with dynamic climatic attributes. We 
divide that environmental space into 500 unique domains and map their 
current locations (...). The environmental domains found across half the 
study area today disappear under the higher emissions scenario, but 
persist somewhere in it under the lower emissions scenario. Locations 
affected least and those affected most under each scenario are mapped. 
This provides an explicit framework for designing conservation networks 

* [39] Mapping Environments At Risk Under Different Global Climate Change 
Scenarios, [40] E. Saxon, B. Baker , W. Hargrove , F. Hoffman , C. 
Zganjar, Jan. 2005, Online 2004/12/15, DOI: 
10.1111/j.1461-0248.2004.00694.x, Ecology Letters * Contributed by [41] 
Pritha Das

[40] mailto:esaxon at tnc.org
[41] mailto:prithadas01 at yahoo.com


11.01. Weighing the Tsunami's Environmental Impact , NPR TOTN

Excerpts: As the people of Southeast Asia struggle to recover from the 
Asian tsunami, we take a look at the environmental and ecological impacts 
of all that seawater. Plus, anecdotal reports suggest that most large 
mammals in the area escaped harm. We talk with a scientist about whether 
animals can sense an oncoming tsunami.

* [42] Weighing the Tsunami's Environmental Impact, 05/01/07, NPR TOTN

[42] http://www.npr.org/rundowns/segment.php?wfId=4273776


11.02. Triple Slip Of Tectonic Plates Caused Seafloor Surge , Nature News

Excerpts: The earthquake followed almost two centuries of tension during 
which the India plate pressed against the Burma microplate, (...). The 
plates move against one another at an average rate of about 6 centimetres 
a year, but this movement does not occur smoothly. There has not been a 
very large quake along this fault since 1833 ?a fact that may have 
contributed to the huge force of this one. The India plate's jarring slide 
released the tension on the Burma microplate, causing it to spring 
violently upwards.

* [43] Triple Slip Of Tectonic Plates Caused Seafloor Surge, Michael Hopkin,
05/01/05, Nature News

[43] http://www.nature.com/news/2005/050103/full/433003b.html


11.03. Tsunami Disaster: Scientists Model The Big Quake And Its 
Consequences , Science News

Excerpts:  Pumped Up. The sudden rise of seafloor during the magnitude 9.0 
quake of Dec. 26, 2004 (epicenter at star), caused tsunamis that scoured 
coasts around the Indian Ocean.  In all, slippage occurred along about 
1,200 km of the interface between the tectonic plates(...). At some spots 
along the interface, one plate may have slid as much as 20 meters past the 
other, says Ji. In the most-affected region, a broad expanse of 
seafloorand thus the sea above it was abruptly thrust upward as much as 5 
m. The waves spilling away from that sudden bump raced across the Indian 
Ocean at jetliner speeds, says Ji. The first tsunami may have been 15 m 
high when it slammed into Sumatran shores about 15 minutes after the 

* [44] Tsunami Disaster: Scientists Model The Big Quake And Its Consequences,
Sid Perkins, 05/01/08, ScienceNews

[44] http://www.sciencenews.org/articles/20050108/fob1.asp


11.04. A Divided World , Nature News

Excerpts: The most important component of such preparation is public 
education, so that local inhabitants are aware, for example, of the fact 
that a dramatic recession of the ocean is in itself a warning of an 
impending event. The next most important component is the construction of 
a simple network that will quickly convey warning information from the 
seismological stations to some central point (...) and back out again to 
local radio and television channels, perhaps using siren systems in 
regions that can afford them.

* [45] A Divided World, 05/01/05, Nature News

[45] http://www.nature.com/news/2005/050103/full/050103-4.html


11.05. The Hydrogen Economy , Physics Today

Excerpts: If the fuel cell is to become the modern steam engine, basic 
research must provide breakthroughs in understanding, materials, and 
design to make a hydrogen-based energy system a vibrant and competitive 
force.(...) Hydrogen can be converted to electricity in fuel cells, but 
the production cost of prototype fuel cells remains high: $3000 per 
kilowatt of power produced for prototype fuel cells (mass production could 
reduce this cost by a factor of 10 or more), compared with $30 per 
kilowatt for gasoline engines.

* [46] The Hydrogen Economy, George W. Crabtree,  Mildred S. Dresselhaus,
Michelle V. Buchanan, 04/12, Physics Today

[46] http://www.physicstoday.org/vol-57/iss-12/p39.html


11.06. As Hybrid Cars Multiply, So Do Carpooling Gripes , Washington Post

Excerpts: "I'd say 95 percent of the people who buy a Prius say it's to 
get into HOV [High Occupancy Vehicle = more than one person in a car, 
Ed.]," (...). "They talk about the tax break and the HOV, and once in a 
while they say they prefer it for the gas mileage as well."

(...) That year [2000, Ed.], there were 32 cars in all of Virginia with 
"clean fuel" tags (...).

By April 2003, that number had grown to 2,500 in Northern Virginia, and by 
the end of 2004 the region had 6,800 hybrid vehicles registered with 
"clean special fuel" plates.

* [47] As Hybrid Cars Multiply, So Do Carpooling Gripes, Steven Ginsberg,
Carol Morello, 05/01/07, Washington Post



12. Deflecting Near-Earth Space Hazards , NPR TOTN

Excerpts: We look at a new NASA probe on a deliberate collision course with a
comet, and at efforts to protect planet Earth against other space-borne

* [48] Deflecting Near-Earth Space Hazards, 05/01/07, NPR TOTN

[48] http://www.npr.org/rundowns/segment.php?wfId=4273770


12.01. In Search Of Hidden Dimensions , Nature

Excerpts: (...) detect the extra dimensions predicted by the [string, Ed] 
theory (...) (...) some of these extra dimensions might be as large as a 
millimetre (...). But gravity, they think, might be able to seep into 
these extra dimensions. (...).

(...) some of the energy created by particle collisions in the machine 
could escape into extra dimensions, carried off by leaking gravity, if 
those dimensions are large enough. The result would be an apparent 
violation of the conservation of energy ?a dramatic sign that string 
theorists are on the right track.

* [49] In Search Of Hidden Dimensions, Geoff Brumfiel, 05/01/06, DOI:
10.1038/433010a, Nature 433, 10



12.02. The Long-Distance Thinker , Nature

Excerpts: [Loop quantum gravity, Ed] a framework in which physical laws do 
not break down at the Big Bang singularity (...). His results suggest that 
at extremely small scales, quantum gravitation can be repulsive, which 
prevents the collapse of space-time into a singularity. This effect, which 
would contradict general relativity, might be a consequence of the 
quantization of Einstein's equations, (...).

Freed from the singularity, Bojowald can now look back to a time 'before' 
the Big Bang. He finds an inverted universe on the other side ?a 
mirror-image of ours ?expanding outwards as time runs backwards.

* [50] The Long-Distance Thinker, Quirin Schiermeier, 05/01/06, DOI:
10.1038/433012a, Nature 433, 12



12.03. Gorging Black Hole Makes Its Mark , Science NOW

Excerpts:  Gaping holes. X-rays from hot gas in a cluster of galaxies 
(left) outline two "supercavities" cleared out by an eruption from a 
central black hole (artist's view, right). Credit: B. Mcnamara Et. Al. 
/Nasa/Cxc/Ohio University

Gigantic "super-cavities" in galaxy cluster reveal the most powerful 
eruption ever seen (...)

Radio images had revealed a classic double-sided jet of energy streaming 
away from this central galaxy. Astronomers assumed that a large black hole 
inside the galaxy gorged on infalling gas, spouting powerful jets into 
space from the superhot region close to the hole.

(...) the black hole has driven the jets by devouring an average of three 
times the mass of our sun each year for the last 100 million years.

* [51] Gorging Black Hole Makes Its Mark, 05/01/05, ScienceNOW
* VIDEO - [52] Animations of MS 0735.6+7421

[51] http://sciencenow.sciencemag.org/cgi/content/full/2005/105/1?etoc
[52] http://chandra.harvard.edu/photo/2005/ms0735/animations.html#bh_erupt


13. Mmmmm, Toxicants , Science NOW

Excerpts:  TCE-hungry. Dehalococcoides consumes dangerous pollutants. 
Credit: Steve Zinder, Cornell University.  Genome sequence reveals how a 
bacterium breaks down toxic pollutants

For just about every substance, there's a microbe that eats it. That's 
even true for man-made pollutants that didn't exist 60 years ago.

Take Dehalococcoides ethenogenes. In 1997, microbiologist Steve Zinder of 
Cornell University isolated the microbe from sewage sludge contaminated 
with the chemical tetrachloroethene (PCE). The strain, it turned out, 
consumes PCE or its chemical cousin, the engine-degreasing chemical 
trichloroethene (TCE), as food. The chemicals are widely used by dry 
cleaners, electronics companies, and the military.

* [53] Mmmmm, Toxicants, Dan Ferber, 05/01/07, ScienceNOW

[53] http://sciencenow.sciencemag.org/cgi/content/full/2005/107/3?etoc


13.01. The Enigma of Prokaryotic Life in Deep Hypersaline Anoxic Basins ,

Summary: Salt Survivors Immense salt deposits beneath the Mediterranean 
floor are the legacy of its having evaporated to dryness about 6 million 
years ago. Van der Wielen et al. (p. 121) have explored the microbiology 
of deep hypersaline anoxic remnants. A picture emerges of whole microbial 
communities that are far from being biogeochemical dead-ends. Rather they 
are contributing to global cycles while thriving in some of the most 
saline environments known.

* [54] The Enigma of Prokaryotic Life in Deep Hypersaline Anoxic Basins, 
Paul W. J. J. van der Wielen, Henk Bolhuis, Sara Borin, Daniele 
Daffonchio, Cesare Corselli, Laura Giuliano, Giuseppe D'Auria, Gert J. de 
Lange, Andreas Huebner, Sotirios P. Varnavas, John Thomson, Christian 
Tamburini, Danielle Marty, Terry J. McGenity, Kenneth N. Timmis, BioDeep 
Scientific Party, 05/01/07, Science : 121-12

[54] http://www.sciencemag.org/cgi/content/full/307/5706/121


13.02. Microbes Brave Briny Basins , Nature News

Excerpts:  Inspired by microbes such as the Haloferax mediteranei 
bacterium, which survive in briny lakes, scientists sought and found new 
microbes in even saltier waters. ? SPL A community of microorganisms has 
been discovered in one of the saltiest environments on Earth, 
ultra-saturated salt basins deep in the Mediterranean Sea. The salt 
solution there is so concentrated, microbiologists are mystified as to how 
the organisms are able to survive.

About 6 million years ago, the Mediterranean had dried up, (...). Over 
time, sediment covered the salty deposits in the desolate basin.

Now, places where these underwater salty deposits are exposed are 
exceptionally briny, containing up to 476 grams of magnesium chloride per 

* [55] Microbes Brave Briny Basins, Roxanne Khamsi, 05/01/06, Nature News

[55] http://www.nature.com/news/2005/050103/full/050103-7.html


14. Bridging The Gap , Nature

Excerpts: By looking at evolving tissue as a complex biological system, 
mathematical models can provide just such a holistic understanding. The 
use of agent-based models to interpret stem-cell systems is beginning to 
show promise in offering new ways of thinking about tissue evolution. In 
these models, cells are considered as distinct entities (or agents) 
positioned on an appropriate lattice, and simple cellular behaviours are 
prescribed, (...). But on the global scale, structure is seen to emerge 
from long-range summation of these low-level behaviours.

* [56] Bridging The Gap, Ben D. MacArthur,  Richard O. C. Oreffo, 05/01/06,
DOI: 10.1038/433019a, Nature 433, 19



14.01. Nanomotors Rev Up , Science Now

Excerpts: They used the catalytic activity of platinum to propel tiny gold 
rods. In an aqueous solution, the platinum-tipped rods continuously 
converted hydrogen peroxide into oxygen and water. The oxygen-rich region 
lowered the surface tension between the tips of the rod and the liquid. 
Because the rest of the gold rod was attracted to the region of the low 
surface tension, the rod moved in that direction, generating more oxygen 
as it went. (...) So by simply moving a magnet, the researchers could 
steer their rods.

* [57] Nanomotors Rev Up, Robert F. Service, 05/01/07, ScienceNOW

[57] http://sciencenow.sciencemag.org/cgi/content/full/2005/107/2?etoc


15. Advances towards a General-Purpose Societal-Scale Human-Collective
Problem-Solving Engine , arXiv

Abstract: Human collective intelligence has proved itself as an important 
factor in a society's ability to accomplish large-scale behavioral feats. 
As societies have grown in population-size, individuals have seen a 
decrease in their ability to activeily participate in the problem-solving 
processes of the group. Representative decision-making structures have 
been used as a modern solution to society's inadequate 
information-processing infrastructure. With computer and network 
technologies being further embedded within the fabric of society, the 
implementation of a general-purpose societal-scale human-collective 
problem-solving engine is envisioned as a means of furthering the 
collective-intelligence potential of society. This paper provides both a 
novel framework for creating collective intelligence systems and a method 
for implementing a representative and expertise system based on 
social-network theory.

* [58] Advances towards a General-Purpose Societal-Scale Human-Collective
Problem-Solving Engine, Marko Rodriguez, 2005/01/03, DOI: cs.CY/0501004,
* Contributed by [59] Carlos Gershenson

[58] http://arXiv.org/abs/cs.CY/0501004
[59] http://homepages.vub.ac.be/~cgershen/


15.01. Building a Smarter Search Engine , Business Week

Excerpts: Clusty also provides this laundry list of results. But on the 
left side of its results Web page, it provides folders entitled Navy, 
Music, and Harbor Seal. By clicking on any of these groups, individuals 
drill down into more topic-specific results.

To pull together the results, Clusty uses metasearch technology, which 
means it searches the results of other search engines and indexes, (...). 
Then it applies the artificial intelligence to pick out the major themes 
found within the results for each search and organizes them into folders.

* [60] Building a Smarter Search Engine, Heather Green, 05/01/04, Business



15.02. Search Looks at the Big Picture , Wired

Excerpts: (...) visualization software that can identify objects contained 
within one of the web's fastest-growing content categories -- video 
streams. The Marvel software identifies groups of objects within a frame 
to form concepts that can be easily searched, such as an airplane with a 
cloud and sky backdrop that would be categorized as travel, (...).

Using people to scan video streams to label the content is too slow and 
costly, (...). The software can be trained to recognize images by 
providing it with a group of similar images, he said.

* [61] Search Looks at the Big Picture, John Gartner, 05/01/06, Wired

[61] http://www.wired.com/news/technology/0,1282,66185,00.html


15.03. Computing Takes a Giant Leap , Pile Systems Press Release

Excerpts: Such a solution must cover two principal aspects: reduce 
exponential explosion of complication and thus computing resources in 
traditional mechanical structures (e.g. databases) to a linear growth. 
This could be called the problem of “harnessing complexity?

Enable scalable mapping of complex dynamic systems (e.g. social 
interactions, language, weather, foodwebs etc.) without exponential 
explosion of computing resources. This could be called the problem of 
“harvesting complexity?

(...) Pile implements a new, non-hierarchical “architecture of logic?which 
the company refers to as ‘polylogic? “Pile is much closer to human 
thinking, which combines logic and synthetic operations and blends 
different logic domains? Polylogic computing will be easier and more 
intuitive, but requires a new understanding of data, representation and 
ordering, (...).

* [62] Computing Takes a Giant Leap, 04/12/21, Pile Systems Press Release

[62] http://www.pilesys.com/Computing%20Takes%20a%20Giant%20Leap.htm


15.04. The BlackBerry Brain Trust , Wired

Excerpts: Perimeter is among the handful of places that, over the coming 
decade or two, have the best chance of unifying relativity and quantum 
mechanics, one of the biggest goals in physics. Among other things, 
researchers are also working on the fundamentals of quantum computing. Of 
course, like all efforts to advance physics, Perimeter runs the risk of 
abject failure. It is 100 years since Einstein published his papers on 
relativity, and we're still grappling with problems that stumped him.

* [63] The BlackBerry Brain Trust, Duff McDonald, 05/01/, Wired

[63] http://www.wired.com/wired/archive/13.01/perimeter_pr.html


16. Games Win For Blu-Ray DVD Format , BBC News

Excerpts:  Blu-ray DVDs will hold much more data A Blu-ray disc will be 
able to store 50GB of high-quality data, while Toshiba's HD-DVD will hold 

Mr Doherty added that it was making sure the discs could satisfy all 
high-definition needs, including the ability to record onto the DVDs and 
smaller discs to fit into camcorders.

Both Toshiba and Blu-ray are hopeful that the emerging DVD format war, 
akin to the Betamax and VHS fight in the 1980s, can be resolved over the 
next year when next-generation DVD players start to come out.

* [64] Games Win For Blu-Ray DVD Format, Jo Twist, 05/01/07, BBC News

[64] http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/technology/4153813.stm


16.01. TiVo Adds Portability to the Mix , NY Times

Excerpts: The new technology, called TiVoToGo, is neither a product nor a
service. It's a software feature that TiVo, in a phased rollout, is beaming
into existing TiVo recorders. (...)

TiVo, of course, is a digital video recorder - a box that records cable, 
satellite or antenna-based TV broadcasts onto a built-in hard drive. (...) 
TiVo effortlessly bends TV broadcasting to suit your schedule instead of 
the other way around, which explains why its customers tend to be 
wide-eyed TiVo boosters.

* [65] TiVo Adds Portability to the Mix, David Pogue, 05/01/07, NYTimes

[65] http://www.nytimes.com/2005/01/06/technology/circuits/06stat.html


16.02. DirecTV Machine Will Compete With TiVo , NY Times

Excerpts: DirecTV subscribers using the new recorder will also be able to 
record several pay-per-view movies at a time (...).

DirecTV also said that it would offer local high-definition TV broadcasts 
in 12 markets beginning later this year. To increase its channel capacity, 
the company will launch several satellites designed to carry HDTV 

DirecTV will market a home media center by the end of this year that will 
permit customers to transmit programming stored on a digital recorder to 
any other television in the house.

* [66] DirecTV Machine Will Compete With TiVo, Eric A. Taub, 05/01/07,

[66] http://www.nytimes.com/2005/01/07/technology/07tele.html


17. Toyota Launches Robot Workforce , NEWS.com.au

Excerpts: The robots would be able to carry out multiple tasks 
simultaneously with their two arms, achieving efficiency unseen in human 
workers and matching the cheap wages of Chinese laborers, (...).

Japan's top automaker currently uses 3000 to 4000 less-advanced robots at 
its domestic factories but their use has been confined mostly to welding, 
painting and other potentially hazardous tasks, (...). The new robots 
would also be used in finishing work, such as installation of seats and 
car interior fixtures, that have been too complex for conventional robots 
up to now, (...).

* [67] Toyota Launches Robot Workforce, 05/01/05, NEWS.com.au



18. Super-selection Rules Modulating Complexity: An Overview , Chaos, 
Solitons & Fractals

Abstract: Complex systems comprising a large number of elements are 
potentially capable of finding themselves in a huge variety of states 
arising by combining the states of their parts. If such a combinatorial 
explosion were indeed materializing, the observed behavior would resemble 
to random noise. It is therefore essential that physically relevant 
complex systems be capable of developing mechanisms for selecting a 
meaningful subset of states out of the large set of a priori available 
states. In this communication some generic mechanisms for reducing 
complexity are analyzed and illustrated on case studies.

* [68] Super-selection Rules Modulating Complexity: An Overview, John S.
Nicolis, 2004/12/23, DOI: 10.1016/j.chaos.2004.10.002, Chaos, Solitons &
Fractals, Article in Press, Corrected Proof
* Contributed by [69] Carlos Gershenson

[68] http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.chaos.2004.10.002
[69] http://homepages.vub.ac.be/~cgershen/


18.01. Power Laws, Pareto Distributions and Zipf's Law , arXiv

Abstract: When the probability of measuring a particular value of some 
quantity varies inversely as a power of that value, the quantity is said 
to follow a power law, also known variously as Zipf's law or the Pareto 
distribution. Power laws appear widely in physics, biology, earth and 
planetary sciences, economics and finance, computer science, demography 
and the social sciences. For instance, the distributions of the sizes of 
cities, earthquakes, forest fires, solar flares, moon craters and people's 
personal fortunes all appear to follow power laws. The origin of power-law 
behaviour has been a topic of debate in the scientific community for more 
than a century. Here we review some of the empirical evidence for the 
existence of power-law forms and the theories proposed to explain them.

* [70] Power Laws, Pareto Distributions and Zipf's Law, M. E. J. Newman,
2004/12/01, DOI: cond-mat/0412004, arXiv
* Contributed by [71] Carlos Gershenson

[70] http://arXiv.org/abs/cond-mat/0412004
[71] http://homepages.vub.ac.be/~cgershen/


19. Complex Challenges: Global Terroist Networks


19.01. The Spy Who Billed Me

Excerpts: In the post-9/11 rush to beef up intelligence, the government 
has outsourced everything from spy satellites to covert operations -- and 
well-connected companies are cashing in.

(...) critics are beginning to question whether private companies should 
be in the business of handling some of the government’s most sensitive 
work. (...) the kind of military intelligence work (...) is particularly 
ripe for problems because intelligence agencies “operate under unusual 
authority.?He adds: “I don’t think the current oversight system is 
equipped to monitor the activities of contractors. That is one of the 
central lessons of the Abu Ghraib affair.? * [72] The Spy Who Billed Me, 
Tim Shorrock, 05/01-02, MotherJones.com

[72] http://www.motherjones.com/news/outfront/2005/01/12_400.html


19.02. Detainee Seeking to Bar His Transfer , NY Times

Excerpts: A lawyer for one of the detainees at Guantánamo Bay, Cuba, has 
asked the federal district court here to block the Bush administration 
from sending the detainee to Egypt, asserting that he would be tortured 

The motion was filed in November on behalf of the detainee, Mamdouh Habib, 
and asserts that he was tortured in an Egyptian prison for nearly six 
months in 2001 before being transferred to Guantánamo. The filing, which 
was declassified and released on Wednesday, includes details of the 
alleged torture, (...).

* [73] Detainee Seeking to Bar His Transfer, Neil A. Lewis, 05/01/06, NYTimes

[73] http://www.nytimes.com/2005/01/06/politics/06gitmo.html


19.03. Guantánamo - An Icon Of Lawlessness

Excerpts: Also in December, six months after the US Supreme Court's 
ruling, the government notified the detainees that they can file habeas 
corpus petitions in federal court. It even gave them the address of a US 
District Court in which to file them. In this Kafkaesque world of 
Guantánamo, however, the government has argued to that very same court 
that the detainees have no basis in constitutional or international law on 
which to challenge the lawfulness of their detentions. It maintains that 
review by the Combatant Status Review Tribunal and the Administrative 
Review Board is more than sufficient due process. Meanwhile, the vast 
majority of the detainees have still not had access to lawyers.

* [74] Guantanamo - An Icon Of Lawlessness, 05/01/06, Amnesty International



20. Links & Snippets


20.01. Other Publications

- Essential Properties of Language from the Point of View of Autopoiesis,
2004/12/28, Cogprints
- Hierarchical Characterization of Complex Networks, 2005/01/01, arXiv, DOI:
- Pattern Formation in a Stochastic Model of Cancer Growth, 2004/09/21,
DOI: q-bio.CB/0501007
- Evolutionary Dynamics in Complex Networks of Competing Boolean Agents,
2004/11/26, arXiv, DOI: cond-mat/0411664
- Genetic Networks with Canalyzing Boolean Rules are Always Stable,
Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 101 (2004), 17102-17107 (Open Access), DOI:
- Complex Regulatory Control in Boolean Networks, 2004/12/17, arXiv, DOI:
- The Déj?Vu Illusion, Dec. 2004, Online 2004/11/24, Current Directions in
Psychological Science, DOI: 10.1111/j.0963-7214.2004.00320.x
- Relationships, Human Behavior, And Psychological Science, Dec. 2004, Online
2004/11/24, Current Directions in Psychological Science, DOI:
- Stimulus Complexity Dependent Memory Impairment And Changes In Motor
Performance After Deletion Of The Neuronal Gap Junction Protein Connexin36 In
Mice, 2005/02/10, Online 2004/08/17, Behavioural Brain Research, DOI:
- Pigeons Shift Their Preference Toward Locations Of Food That Take More
To Obtain, 2004/11/30, online 2004/08/28, Behavioural Processes, DOI:
- On The Control Of Chaotic Systems Via Symbolic Time Series Analysis, Dec.
2004, online 2004/10/28, Chaos: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Nonlinear
Science, DOI: 10.1063/1.1796071
- Estimation Of Initial Conditions And Parameters Of A Chaotic Evolution
Process From A Short Time Series, Dec. 2004, online 2004/11/01, Chaos: An
Interdisciplinary Journal of Nonlinear Science, DOI: 10.1063/1.1811548
- Musical Constructions Of Nationalism: A Comparative Study Of Bartók And
Stravinsky, Oct. 2004, online 2004/10/20, Nations and Nationalism, DOI:
- Stem Cells Could Reveal Secrets Of Illness In Later Life, 2005/01/06,
Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council (BBSRC)
- Exploring Ocean Life And Color On The Internet, 2004/01/03, ScienceDaily &
National Aeronautic And Space Administration
- Elegant Shape Of Eiffel Tower Solved Mathematically By University Of
Professor, 2004/01/07, ScienceDaily & University Of Colorado
- Why Environmental Scientists Are Becoming Bayesians, Jan. 2005, Online
2004/12/15, Ecology Letters, DOI: 10.1111/j.1461-0248.2004.00702.x
- The Spatial Spread Of Invasions: New Developments In Theory And Evidence,
Jan. 2005, Online 2004/11/04, Ecology Letters, DOI:
- Uncertainty About Uncertainty And Delay In Bargaining, Jan. 2005, Online
2004/12/03, Econometrica, DOI: 10.1111/j.1468-0262.2005.00565.x
- Facts, Fiction, And The Fourth Estate: The Washington Post And "Jimmy's
World", Nov. 2004, Online 2004/12/08, American Journal of Economics and
Sociology, DOI: 10.1111/j.1536-7150.2004.00331.x
- Tech Gadget Show Features Hottest Products, 05/01/04, NYTimes/AP
- Election Results to Be Certified, With Little Fuss From Kerry, 05/01/06,
- Primordial Fungus, 05/01/06,     Loopy. Fused filaments suggest that this
fossil was an ancient fungus. Credit: N. J. Butterfield     New fossils date
back to long before the dawn of animals ScienceNOW
- Coral 230Th Dating of the Imposition of a Ritual Control Hierarchy in
Precontact Hawaii, 05/01/07, Science : 102-10
- Giant Eagle had Lilliputian Origins, 05/01/04,     Fearsome predator.
eagle evolved rapidly from a small ancestor, allowing it to attack even 200
kilogram moas. Credit: John Megahan    ScienceNOW
- CRP as Key as Cholesterol?, 05/01/07, NPR TOTN,A new study says that levels
of a blood protein known as CRP may be as important as cholesterol levels in
predicting the risk of heart disease.
- Writer Crichton Questions Global Warming Fears, 05/01/07, NPR TOTN, In his
new book State of Fear, Michael Crichton blends fact with fiction in a
look at the science of global warming. The premise asks whether concerns
climate change are overblown. We speak with Crichton about his book and about
the politics of the global warming debate.
- N Korea Wages War On Long Hair, Men's Hairstyles Reflect Their 'Ideological
Spirit', 05/01/08, BBC, North Korea has launched an intensive media assault
its latest arch enemy - the wrong haircut.
- For Sale: One Biosphere, Gently Used, 05/01/09, NPR WE, NPR's Ted Robbins
reports that the 3-acre terrarium known as Biosphere 2 is up for sale.
Billionaire Ed Bass funded the facility, which contained several
self-sufficient earth habitats within a sealed greenhouse-like structure. But
infighting and financial problems resulted in the original experiment being
- Stopping the Bum's Rush, 05/01/04, NYTimes
- Even Einstein Had His Off Days, 05/01/02, NYTimes, While we should laud
Einstein's achievements, we may learn a more valuable lesson by investigating
his greatest failure.
- Gigantic Photoresponse in -Filled-Band Organic Salt (EDO-TTF)2PF6,
Science : 86-89.
- Normalization of Tumor Vasculature: An Emerging Concept in Antiangiogenic
Therapy, 05/01/07, Rakesh K. Jain Science : 58-62 In clinical trials,
"anti-angiogenic" drugs, which are designed to destroy the blood vessels that
feed tumors, have limited efficacy when administered as single agents.
- A Comprehensive Survey of the Plasmodium Life Cycle by Genomic,
Transcriptomic, and Proteomic Analyses, 05/01/07, Science : 82-86. (...)
transcriptional profiling and proteomic analysis of several species of
has helped tease apart aspects of the little understood sexual cycle of these
- Genome Sequence of the PCE-Dechlorinating Bacterium Dehalococcoides
ethenogenes, 05/01/07, Science : 105-108 Dehalococcoides ethenogenes is the
only bacterium known to reductively dechlorinate groundwater pollutants,
tetrachloroethene (PCE) and trichloroethene (TCE), to ethylene.
- Decoding Calcium Signaling, 05/01/07, Science : 56-57.
- Spindle Multipolarity Is Prevented by Centrosomal Clustering, 05/01/07,
Science : 127-129.
- The Centromeric Protein Sgo1 Is Required to Sense Lack of Tension on
Chromosomes, 05/01/07, Science : 130-133.
- Atom Collision-Induced Resistivity of Carbon Nanotubes, 05/01/07, Science:
- Disks Around Stars and the Growth of Planetary Systems, 05/01/07, Science :
- The Kuiper Belt and the Solar System's Comet Disk, 05/01/07, Science :
- Black Hole Accretion, 05/01/07, Science : 77-80
- Oldest Civilization in the Americas Revealed, 05/01/07, Science : 34-35
- Carbon Trading Grows Into New Year, 05/01/07, Nature News, Volume rises as
price falls in first week of EU trading scheme.
- Terror Shows Only In The Eyes, 05/01/05, Nature News, Knowing where to look
is key to recognizing others' emotions.
- Inadequate Warning System Left Asia At The Mercy Of Tsunami, 05/01/05,
News, Scientists and governments were caught unprepared.
- Linguistic Perception: Neural Processing Of A Whistled Language, 05/01/06,
Nature 433, 31 - 32 A rare surrogate of Spanish highlights the adaptability
the brain's language regions., DOI: 10.1038/433031a
- A Mechanism For Impaired Fear Recognition After Amygdala Damage, 05/01/06,
Nature 433, 68 - 72, DOI: 10.1038/nature03086
- Reflections On Insecticides: Mirror Forms Of Agrochemicals Set Risk,
05/01/08, ScienceNews, The toxicity of an insecticide or how long it persists
in the environment depends on which mirror-image form of the chemical is
- Bad Combo? Some Antidepressants May Hamper Breast Cancer Drug, 05/01/08,
ScienceNews, Certain widely used antidepressants and a woman's own genes
diminish the effect of tamoxifen, a frontline breast cancer drug.
- Ring Robber, Science News. Images taken by the Cassini spacecraft provide
graphic evidence of Saturn's moon Prometheus stealing particles from the
planet's narrow F ring.


20.02. Webcast Announcements

1st European Conference on Complex Systems, Torino, Italy, 04/12/5-7

Neurobiological Foundation For The Meaning Of Information,  Kolkata, India,
Conference Webcast, 04/11/22-25

  [77] ALife 9: Ninth International Conference on Artificial Life, Boston, MA,

The 4th Intl Workshop on Meta-synthesis and Complex System, Beijing, China,

Intl Conf on Complex Networks: Structure, Function and Processes, Kolkata,
India, 04/06/27-30

>From Autopoiesis to Neurophenomenology: A Tribute to Francisco Varela
(1946-2001), Paris, France, 2004/06/18-20

ECC8 Experimental Chaos Conference, Florence, Italy,

Evolutionary Epistemology, Language, and Culture, Brussels, Belgium,

International Conference on Complex Systems 2004, Boston, 04/05/16-21

Life, a Nobel Story, Brussels, Belgium, 04/04/28

Nonlinear Dynamics and Statistical Mechanics Days, Brussels, Belgium,

Science Education Forum for Chinese Language Culture, Panel Discussion, 
Taipei, Taiwan, 04/05/01

Biologically Inspired Approaches to Advanced Information Technology, ,
Lausanne,Switzerland, 04/01/29-30

Nonlinear Dynamics And Chaos: Lab Demonstrations, Strogatz, Steven H.,
Internet-First University Press, 1994

  [78] World Economic Forum 2004, Davos, Switzerland  [79] Riding the Next
Democratic Wave, Al-Thani, Khan, Vike-Freiberga, Wade, Soros, Zakaria, World
Economic Forum, 04/01/25
  [80]  The Future of Global Interdependence, Kharrazi, Held, Owens, Shourie,
Annan, Martin, Schwab, World Economic Forum, 04/01/25  [81]  Why Victory
Against Terrorism Demands Shared Values

  CODIS 2004, International Conference On Communications, Devices And 
Intelligent Systems, 2004 Calcutta, India, 04/01/09-10 EVOLVABILITY & 
INTERACTION: Evolutionary Substrates of Communication, Signaling, and 
Perception in the Dynamics of Social Complexity, London, UK, 03/10/08-10 
The Semantic Web and Language Technology - Its Po tential and 
Practicalities, Bucharest, Romania, 03/07/28-08/08 ECAL 2003, 7th European 
Conference on Artificial Life, Dortmund, Germany, 03/09/14-17 New Santa Fe 
Institute President About His Vision for SFI's Future Role, (Video, Santa 
Fe, NM, 03/06/04) SPIE's 1st Intl Symp on Fluctuations and Noise, Santa 
Fe, NM, 2003/06/01-04 NAS Sackler Colloquium on Mapping Knowledge Domains, 
Video/Audio Report, 03/05/11 13th Ann Intl Conf, Soc f Chaos Theory in 
Psych & Life Sciences, Boston, MA, USA, 2003/08/08-10 CERN Webcast 
Service, Streamed videos of Archived Lectures and Live Events Dean 
LeBaron's Archive of Daily Video Commentary, Ongoing Since February 1998 
Edge Videos

[75] http://www.comdig2.de/Conf/ECCS04/Target=new
[76] http://www.comdig2.de/Conf/ICONIP04/ Target=new
[77] http://www.comdig2.de/Conf/ALife9 Target=new
[79] http://www.worlductx.com/worldeconomicforum_annualmeeting2004/_S9958.asp


20.03. Conference & Call for Papers Announcements

   [82] Online Course on Genetic Programming, with Lee Altenberg, 
University of Hawaii Outreach College 2005/01/10 to 2005/05/13.

   Complex Systems and International Security, Washington, DC, 05/02/01

  Kondratieff Waves, Warfare And World Security, NATO Advanced Research 
Workshop , Covilh? Portugal, 05/02/14-17

   2005 Meeting Arbeitskreis Physik sozio-&#60056;onomischer Systeme, AKSOE 
(Socio-Economic-Physics), Physik seit Einstein, Berlin, Germany, 

   2005 World Exposition " [83]
Nature's Wisdom, Aichi, Japan, 05/03/25-09/25

   FINCO 2005: Foundations Of Interactive Computation,  Edinburgh, Scotland,

5th Creativity And Cognition Conference, London.UK, 05/04/12-15

Social Intelligence and Interaction in Animals, Robots and Agents, Hatfield,
UK, 05/04/12-15

2005 NSTI Nanotechnology Conference and Trade Show
Nanotech 2005, Anaheim, California, U.S.A., 05/05/08-12

  2ndShanghai Intl Symposium on Nonlinear Science and Applications, Shanghai,

IEEE Swarm Intelligence Symposium
Pasadena, California, USA, 05/06/08-10

  Powders & Grains 2005, Stuttgart, Germany, 05/06/18-22

   6th Intl Conf Symmetry in Nonlinear Mathematical Physics, Kiev, Ukraine,

  Workshop on Complexity and Policy Analysis, Cork, Ireland, 05/06/22-24

2005 Genetic And Evolutionary Computation Conference (GECCO-2005),
DC, USA, 05/06/25-29

5th Gathering on?Biosemiotics, Urbino, Italy, 05/07/22-24

  ECAL 2005 - VIIIth European Conference on Artificial Life, Canterbury, Kent,
UK, 05/09/05-09

Complexity, Science and Society Conf 2005, Liverpool, UK, 05/09/11-14

18th International Conference on Noise and Fluctuations (ICNF 2005), 
Salamanca, Spain, 05/09/19-23

Leon, Guanajuato, MEXICO, 05/10/04-07

3rd International Complexity Science and Educational Research Conference, 
Robert, Louisiana, 05/11/20-22, see also:  Complicity: An International 
Journal of Complexity and Education, Inaugural issue - Free Online Access

[82] http://dynamics.org/UH_ICS/691_GP/Announcement.html target=new [83] 
http://www.expo2005.com/expo_facts.htm Target=new


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