[Paleopsych] Fourteen Defining Characteristics Of Fascism
shovland at mindspring.com
Fri Mar 18 14:22:49 UTC 2005
Even if it is fake, does it fit?
From: Lynn D. Johnson, Ph.D. [SMTP:ljohnson at solution-consulting.com]
Sent: Thursday, March 17, 2005 8:50 PM
To: The new improved paleopsych list
Subject: Re: [Paleopsych] Fourteen Defining Characteristics Of Fascism
So is Lawrence Britt a real Dr? See this blog:
Possibly - well, likely - a hoax. It doesn't have the feel of an
academic piece. It sounds more like the typical professional skeptic /
humanist piece, with contrived "relationships" designed not to enlighten
but to enflame. There is one book on Amazon by a Lawrence W. Britt, no
Dr. attached to his name. It is a novel, not a scholarly piece. The
novel sounds contrived and forced, and hasn't sold many copies.
Have you been had, Steve?
Steve Hovland wrote:
>Dr. Lawrence Britt has examined the fascist regimes of Hitler (Germany),
>Mussolini (Italy), Franco (Spain), Suharto (Indonesia) and several Latin
>American regimes. Britt found 14 defining characteristics common to each:
>1. Powerful and Continuing Nationalism - Fascist regimes tend to make
>constant use of patriotic mottos, slogans, symbols, songs, and other
>paraphernalia. Flags are seen everywhere, as are flag symbols on clothing
>and in public displays.
>2. Disdain for the Recognition of Human Rights - Because of fear of
>enemies and the need for security, the people in fascist regimes are
>persuaded that human rights can be ignored in certain cases because of
>"need." The people tend to look the other way or even approve of torture,
>summary executions, assassinations, long incarcerations of prisoners, etc.
>3. Identification of Enemies/Scapegoats as a Unifying Cause - The people
>are rallied into a unifying patriotic frenzy over the need to eliminate a
>perceived common threat or foe: racial , ethnic or religious minorities;
>liberals; communists; socialists, terrorists, etc.
>4. Supremacy of the Military - Even when there are widespread domestic
>problems, the military is given a disproportionate amount of government
>funding, and the domestic agenda is neglected. Soldiers and military
>service are glamorized.
>5. Rampant Sexism - The governments of fascist nations tend to be almost
>exclusively male-dominated. Under fascist regimes, traditional gender roles
>are made more rigid. Divorce, abortion and homosexuality are suppressed and
>the state is represented as the ultimate guardian of the family
>6. Controlled Mass Media - Sometimes to media is directly controlled by
>the government, but in other cases, the media is indirectly controlled by
>government regulation, or sympathetic media spokespeople and executives.
>Censorship, especially in war time, is very common.
>7. Obsession with National Security - Fear is used as a motivational tool
>by the government over the masses.
>8. Religion and Government are Intertwined - Governments in fascist
>nations tend to use the most common religion in the nation as a tool to
>manipulate public opinion. Religious rhetoric and terminology is common
>from government leaders, even when the major tenets of the religion are
>diametrically opposed to the government's policies or actions.
>9. Corporate Power is Protected - The industrial and business aristocracy
>of a fascist nation often are the ones who put the government leaders into
>power, creating a mutually beneficial business/government relationship and
>10. Labor Power is Suppressed - Because the organizing power of labor is
>the only real threat to a fascist government, labor unions are either
>eliminated entirely, or are severely suppressed.
>11. Disdain for Intellectuals and the Arts - Fascist nations tend to
>promote and tolerate open hostility to higher education, and academia. It
>is not uncommon for professors and other academics to be censored or even
>arrested. Free expression in the arts and letters is openly attacked.
>12. Obsession with Crime and Punishment - Under fascist regimes, the
>police are given almost limitless power to enforce laws. The people are
>often willing to overlook police abuses and even forego civil liberties in
>the name of patriotism. There is often a national police force with
>virtually unlimited power in fascist nations.
>13. Rampant Cronyism and Corruption - Fascist regimes almost always are
>governed by groups of friends and associates who appoint each other to
>government positions and use governmental power and authority to protect
>their friends from accountability. It is not uncommon in fascist regimes
>for national resources and even treasures to be appropriated or even
>outright stolen by government leaders.
>14. Fraudulent Elections - Sometimes elections in fascist nations are a
>complete sham. Other times elections are manipulated by smear campaigns
>against or even assassination of opposition candidates, use of legislation
>to control voting numbers or political district boundaries, and
>manipulation of the media. Fascist nations also typically use their
>judiciaries to manipulate or control elections.
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