[Paleopsych] Legend Games: Racial Differences In Intelligence Reviewed In Academic Journal
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Thu May 12 00:41:09 UTC 2005
Racial Differences In Intelligence Reviewed In Academic Journal
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Established February 13, 2005
Editorial by John Ray
Academic news report below from Chris Brand:
"Licensed scholarly warfare broke out in the APA journal
Psychology, Public Policy and Law (vi 05), (full articles
here) over whether psychological race differences (especially
in intelligence) are substantially heritable. Race realists Arthur
Jensen, Phil Rushton and Linda Gottfredson fought their corner
excellently, conveniently reviewing the literature (cf. the
Cambridge debate (i 97) and adding some useful points (e.g.
that skin lightness is linked to IQ among South Africa's Blacks -
which it is not among America's Blacks, where lighter skins often
came about from historical Black female matings with White
farmhands during the days of slavery). The hereditarians were
opposed by such as Robert Sternberg (sometimes said by me to
believe in 666 types of intelligence - Behav.Res.&Therapy, 1992)
and Richard E. Nisbett (reviewed by me in Heredity, 2003) who
claimed among other things medium-term boosts on non-IQ tests from
Headstart-type programmes involving 8 hours intervention daily!
Overall, the race realists had a coherent message with copious
evidence and the environmentalists had the scraps - they remained
respectively the `stompers' and `stompees' as amusingly caricatured
by Professor Earl `Buzz' Hunt (Brand, Person.&Indiv.Diffs, 1999).
Occidental Quarterly reckoned the 60-page Rushton & Jensen article
might prove as much of a landmark as Jensen's classic 1969 Harvard
Educational Review article, `How much can we boost IQ and
educational attainment.' The race-realist argument was summarized
in News-Medical Net, 26 iv."
The articles Chris summarizes above are not notable for being
published in an academic journal. Almost all of the research in this
field has been first published in academic journals. It is however of
some note to find such articles in a journal of the American
Psychological Association. The APA is distinctly Left-leaning and
their journals are the most prestigious and authoritative ones ones in
psychology. Logical Meme has a bit more on the Rushton & Jensen
paper. He also has a short roundup of the medical research that
has found race differences.
There is another academic report here (PDF) of similar interest.
One of the authors in this case is a Nobel prizewinner! Working from a
very comprehensive body of data, the authors found that average racial
differences in adult income are almost entirely predictable from
childhood differences in IQ. They also found that, from early
childhood on, black males have other disadvantages (less self-control,
less tendency to plan ahead etc) and that those differences also
influence income in later life. The third finding is that although
blacks and Hispanics share similar environmental disadvantages in
childhood, Hispanics tend to rise above that whereas blacks do not --
showing again that the source of black disadvantage is not
environmental. There are fuller discussions of the report concerned
here and here
John Ray blogs at Dissecting Leftism.
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