# [ExI] First Picture of a Black Hole!

Stuart LaForge avant at sollegro.com
Sun Apr 14 01:30:19 UTC 2019

```John Clark wrote:

> It's interesting that because the density of a Black Hole is inversely
> proportional to the square of the mass the density of M87's Black Hole is

Yes. It was considerations like this that motivated my research into
what I called causal cells a couple of years ago. I was on the right
track but then I found out that Leonard Susskind already described the
same concept only he called them "causal patches" instead of causal
cells.

In any case, what you describe is a direct consequence of the density
and surface area of a black hole or causal cell being inversely
proportional i.e. their products are a constant:

D*A = 3c^2/(2G)

> Well it is if you count the Event Horizon as being the boundary of the thing;

Why wouldn't you count it? To an outside observer, it is certainly is
the boundary. And no infalling observer will ever be able to disagree
with you because the moment he crosses it, (which must be from his
point of view) he no longer has the ability to cause events in our
causal cell. But from our point of view, he never crosses it. It is a
separate discontinuous space-time a different casual cell, with the
event horizon as a real boundary.

> Einstein says there is a point of infinite density
> at the center although Quantum Mechanics disagrees. Nobody knows who's
> right.

Probably quantum mechanics. My argument is mathematical and goes as follows:

Dividing a finite mass by zero volume is not an infinite density, it
is a mathematically UNDEFINED density. In other words mass/zero  does
not equal infinity because infinity*zero cannot equal every possible
mass a black hole can have. If a singularity actually exists in the
center of a black hole, it should be thought of as a point that is
missing from the interior space of the black hole rather than a point
that contains all the mass.

The mass is instead the vacuum energy of the inside of the black hole
and is spread evenly throughout its interior the way dark energy is

This is because time and space axes get swapped when you cross an
event horizon so they represent real discontinuities in space-time.
The two causal cell separated by event horizons (or cosmological
horizons) are causally independent space-times and times and places
are exchanged when you cross them.

Thus those outside of the black hole conceive of as a location (a
point at the center) while those inside would perceive it as a time in
the future, e.g. next Tuesday. And it doesn't make sense for next
Tuesday to have a mass at all. Even though empty space can in the form
of vacuum or dark energy.

Stuart LaForge

```