[ExI] we aren't the world
anders at aleph.se
Wed Feb 27 09:14:01 UTC 2013
On 27/02/2013 04:27, spike wrote:
> This is a long article, but the interesting part of it is stated in
> the first four or five paragraphs:
The general finding is important, though: white male right-handed
medical/psychology students might not be representative, yet they are
the white lab rats of much of cognitive science. Of course, the white
lab rats are not terribly normal either, when compared to the wild type...
> In any case, I never would have guessed it: an entire population was
> found who play the game far differently. In this ultimatum game, the
> Peruvian first players would typically offer way less, and the second
> players would usually accept. Fascinating! I never thought about it,
> but it explains why we have soooo many lawyers in the US.
> Europeans among us, how would you play that game? If I offered you
> 40, would you take it?
Probably. It depends a bit on who I think I am playing with.
I participated in a radio program where we had an entire pub doing it,
and we got people who both accepted 1 (typical business student
thinking) and people who rejected anything below 50. But again, the
educated philosophy-interested public is not particularly normal. In
particular, when asked they had clearly overthought their choices in
complicated ways. So I would offering less to business people and
willing to accept less from them, while increasing things when I thought
I was dealing with more emotional and less game-theoretic westerners.
The real fun starts, IMHO, when you give people a sniff of oxytocin.
Then people become more generous:
There is a lot of research about how oxytocin changes people's altruism,
generosity and willingness to punish defectors - and in-group favoritism
- in economic games.
Future of Humanity Institute
Philosophy Faculty of Oxford University
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