[ExI] Survival of the nicest

Dan dan_ust at yahoo.com
Fri Aug 5 14:17:26 UTC 2011

Without reading the article, I would say some economic models and some evolutionary models predict that -- not all. (In fact, it terms of economics, it's really those theorists who bake in a certain view of human psychology, action, and values that end up with models like that.)
From: BillK <pharos at gmail.com>
To: Extropy Chat <extropy-chat at lists.extropy.org>
Sent: Friday, August 5, 2011 9:39 AM
Subject: [ExI] Survival of the nicest

'Survival of the fittest' in human society doesn't mean survival of
the toughest or most ruthless.

Economic models of rationality and evolutionary models of fitness
maximization both predict that humans should be designed to be selfish
in one-time only situations. Yet, experimental work—and everyday
experience—shows that humans are often surprisingly generous.

“So one of the outstanding problems in the behavioral sciences was why
natural selection had not weeded out this pleasing but apparently
self-handicapping behavioral tendency,” Tooby says.

“The paper shows how this feature of human behavior emerges logically
out of the dynamics of cooperation, once an overlooked aspect of the
probleM—The inherent uncertainty of social lifEn—Is taken into

“People who help only when they can see a gain do worse than those who
are motivated to be generous without always looking ahead to see what
they might get in return.”

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