[ExI] <nettime> Forced Exposure: Groklaw closes down
eugen at leitl.org
Wed Aug 21 12:45:57 UTC 2013
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Date: Wed, 21 Aug 2013 07:34:03 +0200
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To: nettime-l at mx.kein.org
Subject: <nettime> Forced Exposure: Groklaw closes down
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Forced Exposure ~pj
Tuesday, August 20 2013 @ 02:40 AM EDT
The owner of Lavabit tells us that he's stopped using email and if we
knew what he knew, we'd stop too.
There is no way to do Groklaw without email. Therein lies the
What to do?
What to do? I've spent the last couple of weeks trying to figure
it out. And the conclusion I've reached is that there is no way to
continue doing Groklaw, not long term, which is incredibly sad. But
it's good to be realistic. And the simple truth is, no matter how good
the motives might be for collecting and screening everything we say to
one another, and no matter how "clean" we all are ourselves from the
standpoint of the screeners, I don't know how to function in such an
atmosphere. I don't know how to do Groklaw like this.
Years ago, when I was first on my own, I arrived in New York City,
and being naive about the ways of evil doers in big cities, I rented
a cheap apartment on the top floor of a six-floor walkup, in the back
of the building. That of course, as all seasoned New Yorkers could
have told me, meant that a burglar could climb the fire escape or get
to the roof by going to the top floor via the stairs inside and then
through the door to the roof and climb down to the open window of my
That is exactly what happened. I wasn't there when it happened, so
I wasn't hurt in any way physically. And I didn't then own much of
any worth, so only a few things were taken. But everything had been
pawed through and thrown about. I can't tell how deeply disturbing it
is to know that someone, some stranger, has gone through and touched
all your underwear, looked at all your photographs of your family,
and taken some small piece of jewelry that's been in your family for
If it's ever happened to you, you know I couldn't live there any
more, not one night more. It turned out, by the way, according
to my neighbors, that it was almost certainly the janitor's son,
which stunned me at the time but didn't seem to surprise any of my
more-seasoned neighbors. The police just told me not to expect to get
anything back. I felt assaulted. The underwear was perfectly normal
underwear. Nothing kinky or shameful, but it was the idea of them
being touched by someone I didn't know or want touching them. I threw
them away, unused ever again.
I feel like that now, knowing that persons I don't know can paw
through all my thoughts and hopes and plans in my emails with you.
They tell us that if you send or receive an email from outside the
US, it will be read. If it's encrypted, they keep it for five years,
presumably in the hopes of tech advancing to be able to decrypt it
against your will and without your knowledge. Groklaw has readers all
over the world.
I'm not a political person, by choice, and I must say, researching the
latest developments convinced me of one thing -- I am right to avoid
it. There is a scripture that says, It doesn't belong to man even to
direct his step. And it's true. I see now clearly that it's true.
Humans are just human, and we don't know what to do in our own lives
half the time, let alone how to govern other humans successfully. And
it shows. What form of government hasn't been tried? None of them
satisfy everyone. So I think we did that experiment. I don't expect
I remember 9/11 vividly. I had a family member who was supposed to be
in the World Trade Center that morning, and when I watched on live
television the buildings go down with living beings inside, I didn't
know that she had been late that day and so was safe. Does it matter,
though, if you knew anyone specifically, as we watched fellow human
beings hold hands and jump out of windows of skyscrapers to a certain
death below or watched the buildings crumble into dust, knowing there
were so many people just like us being turned into dust as well?
I cried for weeks, in a way I've never cried before, or since, and
I'll go to my grave remembering it and feeling it. And part of my
anguish was that there were people in the world willing to do that
to other people, fellow human beings, people they didn't even know,
civilians uninvolved in any war.
I sound quaint, I suppose. But I always tell you the truth, and that
is what I was feeling. So imagine how I feel now, imagining as I must
what kind of world we are living in if the governments of the world
think total surveillance is an appropriate thing?
I know. It may not even be about that. But what if it is? Do we even
know? I don't know. What I do know is it's not possible to be fully
human if you are being surveilled 24/7.
Harvard's Berkman Center had an online class on cybersecurity and
internet privacy some years ago, and the resources of the class are
still online. It was about how to enhance privacy in an online world,
speaking of quaint, with titles of articles like, "Is Big Brother
You'll find all the laws in the US related to privacy and surveillance
there. Not that anyone seems to follow any laws that get in their way
these days. Or if they find they need a law to make conduct lawful,
they just write a new law or reinterpret an old one and keep on going.
That's not the rule of law as I understood the term.
Anyway, one resource was excerpts from a book by Janna Malamud
Smith,"Private Matters: In Defense of the Personal Life", and I
encourage you to read it. I encourage the President and the NSA to
read it too. I know. They aren't listening to me. Not that way,
anyhow. But it's important, because the point of the book is that
privacy is vital to being human, which is why one of the worst
punishments there is is total surveillance:
One way of beginning to understand privacy is by looking at what
happens to people in extreme situations where it is absent. Recalling
his time in Auschwitz, Primo Levi observed that "solitude in a Camp is
more precious and rare than bread." Solitude is one state of privacy,
and even amidst the overwhelming death, starvation, and horror of the
camps, Levi knew he missed it.... Levi spent much of his life finding
words for his camp experience. How, he wonders aloud in Survival in
Auschwitz, do you describe "the demolition of a man," an offense for
which "our language lacks words."...
One function of privacy is to provide a safe space away from
terror or other assaultive experiences. When you remove a person's
ability to sequester herself, or intimate information about herself,
you make her extremely vulnerable....
The totalitarian state watches everyone, but keeps its own plans
secret. Privacy is seen as dangerous because it enhances resistance.
Constantly spying and then confronting people with what are often
petty transgressions is a way of maintaining social control and
unnerving and disempowering opposition....
And even when one shakes real pursuers, it is often hard to rid
oneself of the feeling of being watched -- which is why surveillance
is an extremely powerful way to control people. The mind's tendency
to still feel observed when alone... can be inhibiting. ... Feeling
watched, but not knowing for sure, nor knowing if, when, or how the
hostile surveyor may strike, people often become fearful, constricted,
I've quoted from that book before, back when the CNET reporters'
emails were read by HP. We thought that was awful. And it was. HP
ended up giving them money to try to make it up to them. Little did we
Ms. Smith continues:
Safe privacy is an important component of autonomy, freedom, and
thus psychological well-being, in any society that values individuals.
... Summed up briefly, a statement of "how not to dehumanize people"
might read: Don't terrorize or humiliate. Don't starve, freeze,
exhaust. Don't demean or impose degrading submission. Don't force
separation from loved ones. Don't make demands in an incomprehensible
language. Don't refuse to listen closely. Don't destroy privacy.
Terrorists of all sorts destroy privacy both by corrupting it
into secrecy and by using hostile surveillance to undo its useful
But if we describe a standard for treating people humanely,
why does stripping privacy violate it? And what is privacy? In his
landmark book, Privacy and Freedom, Alan Westin names four states of
privacy: solitude, anonymity, reserve, and intimacy. The reasons for
valuing privacy become more apparent as we explore these states....
The essence of solitude, and all privacy, is a sense of choice
and control. You control who watches or learns about you. You choose
to leave and return. ...
Intimacy is a private state because in it people relax their
public front either physically or emotionally or, occasionally, both.
They tell personal stories, exchange looks, or touch privately. They
may ignore each other without offending. They may have sex. They may
speak frankly using words they would not use in front of others,
expressing ideas and feelings -- positive or negative -- that are
unacceptable in public. (I don't think I ever got over his death.
She seems unable to stop lying to her mother. He looks flabby in
those running shorts. I feel horny. In spite of everything, I still
long to see them. I am so angry at you I could scream. That joke is
disgusting, but it's really funny.) Shielded from forced exposure, a
person often feels more able to expose himself.
I hope that makes it clear why I can't continue. There is now no
shield from forced exposure. Nothing in that parenthetical thought
list is terrorism-related, but no one can feel protected enough from
forced exposure any more to say anything the least bit like that to
anyone in an email, particularly from the US out or to the US in, but
really anywhere. You don't expect a stranger to read your private
communications to a friend. And once you know they can, what is there
to say? Constricted and distracted. That's it exactly. That's how I
So. There we are. The foundation of Groklaw is over. I can't do
Groklaw without your input. I was never exaggerating about that when
we won awards. It really was a collaborative effort, and there is now
no private way, evidently, to collaborate.
I'm really sorry that it's so. I loved doing Groklaw, and I believe we
really made a significant contribution. But even that turns out to be
less than we thought, or less than I hoped for, anyway. My hope was
always to show you that there is beauty and safety in the rule of law,
that civilization actually depends on it. How quaint.
If you have to stay on the Internet, my research indicates that the
short term safety from surveillance, to the degree that is even
possible, is to use a service like Kolab for email, which is located
in Switzerland, and hence is under different laws than the US, laws
which attempt to afford more privacy to citizens. I have now gotten
for myself an email there, p.jones at mykolab.com in case anyone
wishes to contact me over something really important and feels
squeamish about writing to an email address on a server in the US. But
both emails still work. It's your choice.
My personal decision is to get off of the Internet to the degree it's
possible. I'm just an ordinary person. But I really know, after all my
research and some serious thinking things through, that I can't stay
online personally without losing my humanness, now that I know that
ensuring privacy online is impossible. I find myself unable to write.
I've always been a private person. That's why I never wanted to be a
celebrity and why I fought hard to maintain both my privacy and yours.
Oddly, if everyone did that, leap off the Internet, the world's
economy would collapse, I suppose. I can't really hope for that. But
for me, the Internet is over.
So this is the last Groklaw article. I won't turn on comments.
Thank you for all you've done. I will never forget you and our work
together. I hope you'll remember me too. I'm sorry I can't overcome
these feelings, but I yam what I yam, and I tried, but I can't.
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