[ExI] it's the yoga! was: RE: The Doomsday Clock

Dave Sill sparge at gmail.com
Mon Feb 12 15:39:35 UTC 2018

On Mon, Feb 12, 2018 at 9:51 AM, William Flynn Wallace <foozler83 at gmail.com>

> Of course, you say?  How about some evidence, not a 'blame it all on the
>> white man' kind of attitude?
Sure, ok.


    *In the Spanish colonization of the Americas, the policy of Indian
Reductions resulted in the forced conversions to Catholicism of the
indigenous people in northern Nueva España. They had long-established
spiritual and religious traditions and theological beliefs. What developed
during the colonial years and since has been a syncretic Catholicism that
absorbed and reflected indigenous beliefs; the religion changed in New

*  ...*

*  After the Indian wars in the late 19th century, the United States
established Native American boarding schools, initially run primarily by or
affiliated with Christian missionaries.[100] At this time American society
thought that Native American children needed to be acculturated to the
general society. The boarding school experience often proved traumatic to
Native American children, who were forbidden to speak their native
languages, taught Christianity and denied the right to practice their
native religions, and in numerous other ways forced to abandon their Native
American identities[101] and adopt European-American culture.*


    *Not only did the U.S. government seek to squelch Native American
uprisings, it also sought to stop those cultural traits from being passed
to younger generations by assimilating them in boarding schools. Even
religious groups felt the need to assimilate and convert these young Native
Americans, and they publicized the need for money to pay them in journals
that were circulated. These schools took in Native American children and
attempted to erase every trace of their former Native American life. They
received an American education and were also given American clothes. While
at the schools, the Native Americans were required to perform manual labor
to contribute to the upkeep of the school, but were not allowed to be
compensated for their work.*


    *Over the last five centuries, "Christianity has made enormous inroads
into Native society."[9] Many religious Native Americans today voluntarily
practice Christianity, both Protestantism and Roman Catholicism, or a
combination of Christianity and Native religion.[9] There was both
voluntary and forced conversion; however, not all tribes embraced
Christianity, nor did all members of tribes.*

*    "Euro-American contact and interactions contributed much to Indian
marginality and the disruption and destruction of traditional customs and
even the aboriginal use of psychoactive substances. This process was noted
in the 1976 Final Report to the American Indian Policy Review Commission,
Task Force Eleven: Alcohol and Drug Abuse.[10]*

*    ...*

*    The Native American religion was initially suppressed by the colonists
who came from Europe with their own particular goals. These included "God,
gold, and glory”[13] and this conflicted with the Native American way of
life. From the time of Columbus’s “discovery” of America, Native American
religion has routinely been suppressed by English, Spanish, and other
European colonists.[14]*

*    ...*

*    During the Progressive Era from the 1890s to the 1920s, a
"quasi-theocracy" reigned in what federal policymakers called "Indian
Country"; they worked hand-in-hand with churches to impose Christianity
upon Native Americans "as part of the government’s civilizing project”.[17]
Keeping in the vein of the colonialists before them, Progressive-Era
policymakers found no need to separate religious endeavors concerning
Native Americans from Native political policy.[18] The government provided
various religious groups with funds to accomplish Native American
conversion. It was during this time that the government “discouraged or
imposed bans on many forms of traditional religious practices, including
the Sun Dance, use of peyote in ceremonial settings and observance of
potlatch rituals.”[17] The Bureau of Indian Affairs (BIA), or the "Indian
Office", as it was then called, played a role in the Christianization of
Native Americans. Their boarding schools, often staffed by missionaries,
removed Native children from the tribe and away from the influence of their

That's just  a few minutes work.

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